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Suppose you want to conduct a study in the area of health. The research model, the basis of this book, is based upon this broad approach.

We decided to select one single mother family and the other where the father and the mother both take responsibility for the child. For editkon, house, boat, car and investments are indicators of assets. The different steps cannot be taken in a haphazard way. Summary There are several ways of collecting and understanding information and finding answers to your questions – research is one way. Having decided upon your research questions or research problems, you then need to decide how to go about finding their answers.

A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners Ranjit Kumar SAGENov 12, – Reference – pages 7 Reviews Written specifically for students with no previous experience of research and research methodology, the Third Edition of Research Methodology breaks the process of designing and doing esition research project into eight manageable steps and provides plenty of examples throughout to ranjih theory to the practice of doing research.

This flexibility and freedom, though providing you with certain advantages, can also create problems in terms of comparability of the information gathered.

Developing a theoretical framework Examining the literature can be a never-ending task, but as you have limited time it is important to set parameters by reviewing the literature in relation to some main themes pertinent to your research topic. Chapter 9 details the various methods of data collection for qualitative and quantitative studies and the process of developing a research instrument.

Every research study has two aspects: It can be said that a large part of the problem lies in knowing what one is trying to do.

Studies have shown that there are many factors affecting this relationship, such as the number of cigarettes or the amount of tobacco smoked every day; the duration of smoking; the age of the smoker; dietary habits; and the amount of exercise undertaken by the individual. Suppose you want to go out for a drive. A research endeavour is usually time consuming, and involves hard work and possibly unforeseen problems.

Research methodology : a step-by-step guide for beginners / Ranjit Kumar – Details – Trove

In a way you need to narrow your definition of the study population as you have done with your research problem. On the other hand, the study is classified as quantitative if you want to quantify the variation in a phenomenon, situation, problem or issue; if information is gathered using predominantly quantitative variables; and if the analysis is geared to ascertain the magnitude of the variation. As mentioned earlier, the distinction is more academic than real as in most studies you need to combine quantitative and qualitative skills.

Look 3fd these titles carefully and identify the books you think are likely to be of interest to you. Summary Reviewing the literature is a continuous process.

For any investigation, the selection of an appropriate research design is crucial in enabling you to arrive at valid findings, comparisons and conclusions. The list is a conceptual construction of the thoughts that serve as background and become the basis of discussions in case there is insufficient dialogue with your potential respondents.

It is based upon a practical and step-by-step approach to a research enquiry and each step provides a smorgasbord of methods, models and procedures. On the other hand, the literature review can play an extremely important role in shaping your research problem because the process of reviewing the literature helps you to understand the subject area better and thus helps you to conceptualise your research problem clearly and precisely and makes it more relevant and pertinent to your field of enquiry.

A person who immigrated 40, 20 or 5 years ago?

Many methods could be used to gather the required information. Your Web browser is not enabled for JavaScript. Children Who would you consider a child? The quantitative research process is reasonably well structured whereas the qualitative one is fairly unstructured, and these are their respective strengths as well as weaknesses.

Preliminary discussions wth some stakeholders revealed that not much was known to them about commonly responsiveness and therefore it kiss proposed that the study be earned out in two phases. The main objectives are: As with books, you need to prepare a list of the journals you want to examine for identifying the literature relevant to your study. In order to fulfil the first purpose, you should identify and describe various theories relevant to your field; and specify gaps in existing knowledge in the area, recent advances in the area of study, current trends and so on.

According to Powers, Meenaghan and Twoomey The process outlined here assumes that you have neither the required knowledge of the process of formulating a research problem nor a specific idea about what is to be researched. Assume you work in the area of marketing.

The difference between research and other ways of obtaining answers to your questions is that in a process that is classified as research, you work within a framework of a set of philosophies, use methods that have been tested for validity and reliability, and attempt to be unbiased mtehodology objective. Within the social sciences the level of control required also varies markedly from one discipline to another, as social scientists differ over the need for the research process to meet the above expectations.

The subobjectives are the specific aspects of the topic that you want to investigate within the main framework of your study. The third edition of the book incorporates some of the suggestions made by the reviewers, colleagues and students on the first and second editions.

Research methodology : a step-by-step guide for beginners

As a matter of fact, the validity of your findings entirely depends upon the soundness of the research methods and procedures adopted by you. Also, each chapter has a list of keywords that students are likely to encounter in the chapter. The eight steps cover the total spectrum of a research endeavour, from problem formulation through to writing a research report.