reasonable ASTM shrinkage x-ray levels were determined for each x-ray. These radiographs are included in ASTM standard E for castings up to 2 inches. 1 Jan Buy ASTM E REFERENCE RADIOGRAPHS FOR STEEL CASTINGS UP TO 2 IN. ( MM) IN THICKNESS from SAI Global. ASTM Epdf – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.

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Categories and severity levels for each discontinuity type represented by these reference radiographs are described in 1. It e4466 the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Link to Active This link will always route to the f446 Active version of the standard.

Reference radiographs for thicker sections may be found in Reference Radiograph standards E and E Therefore, the adjunct reference radiographs remain valid for use with this standard regardless of the date of production or the revision level of the text standard.

E Reference Radiographs xstm Heavy-Walled 2 to in. Where such modifications may be appropriate for the casting application, all such changes shall be specifically called-out in the purchaser supplier agreement or contractual document.

Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of e446 standard. Although Category G—Mottling is listed for all three volumes, the appearance of mottling is dependent on the level of radiation energy.

Following is a list of discontinuity categories, types and severity levels for the adjunct reference radiographs of this standard:.

E Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled 2 to in. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. The reference radiograph films are an adjunct to this standard and must be purchased separately from ASTM International, if needed see 2. ICS Number Code Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided e4446 part of astj standard.

Reference radiographs containing ungraded discontinuities are provided as a guide for recognition of a specific casting discontinuity type where severity levels are not needed.

I medium voltage nominal kV X rays. Reference Radiograph standards E and E provide some overlap of severity levels for similar discontinuity categories within the same energy level range see 4. Unless otherwise specified in a purchaser supplier agreement see 1.

Section 9 addresses purchaser supplier requisites for where weld repairs may be required. E Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled to 12 in. Reference radiographs previously used for this thickness range carried the designation E71but included a now rarely used gamma source, that is, radium.

Severity levels of similar discontinuity categories and energy level range of E reference radiographs may alternatively be used, as determined appropriate for the casting service application, if so agreed upon in the purchaser supplier agreement see Note 2 and 5. Following is a list of discontinuity categories, types and severity levels for the adjunct reference radiographs of this standard: These reference radiographs are intended as a basis from which manufacturers and purchasers may, by mutual agreement, select particular discontinuity classes to serve as standards representing minimum levels of acceptability see Sections 6 and 7.

The reference radiograph films are an adjunct to this standard and must be purchased separately from ASTM International, if needed see 2. I medium voltage nominal kV X-rays. Reference radiographs containing ungraded discontinuities are provided as a guide for recognition of a specific casting discontinuity type where severity levels are not needed.

Active view current version of standard. Medium Voltage nominal kVp X-ray Reference Radiographs—set of 34 illustrations nominal 5 by 7 in. The basis of application for these reference radiographs requires a prior purchaser supplier agreement of radiographic examination attributes and classification criterion as described in Sections 46and 7 of this standard.

Following is a list of discontinuity categories, types and severity levels for the adjunct reference radiographs of this standard: Although Category G—Mottling is listed for all three volumes, the appearance of mottling is dependent on the level of radiation energy.

E Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled to 12 in. The current document is also updated by inclusion of several recognized shrinkage or C categories and by elimination of the crack and hot tear categories except for one example of each of these discontinuity types. Each volume consists of six categories of graded discontinuities of increasing severity axtm and four categories of ungraded discontinuities. The basis of application for these reference radiographs requires a prior purchaser supplier agreement of radiographic examination attributes and classification criterion as described in Sections 46and 7 of this standard.

The reference radiographs consist of the following: Link ee446 Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Reference Asm standards E and E provide some overlap of severity levels for similar discontinuity categories within the same energy level range see 4.

Standard Reference Radiographs for Steel Castings Up to 2 in. [51 mm] in Thickness

Categories and severity levels for each discontinuity type represented by these reference radiographs are described in 1. If performing digital radiography of steel castings up to 2 in. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

The reference radiographs consist of the following: If performing digital radiography of steel castings up to 2 in.